Examples of Faunistic Realm

The faunistic realm refers to a geographical area with distinct animal species and ecosystems. It is characterized by the presence of unique fauna that has evolved over time in response to specific environmental conditions. These realms are determined by factors such as climate, topography, and historical events. In this article, we will explore four examples of faunistic realms from different parts of the world, highlighting their diverse animal life and the factors that have shaped their evolution.

1. Neotropical Realm

The Neotropical realm encompasses Central and South America, including the Caribbean islands. It is one of the most biologically diverse regions on Earth, hosting a wide range of animal species. This realm is known for its rich rainforests, which provide a habitat for countless unique creatures. From the colorful macaws and toucans to the elusive jaguars and tapirs, the Neotropical realm is a haven for biodiversity.

The warm and humid climate of this region has contributed to the evolution of various adaptations in its fauna. For instance, the poison dart frogs have developed bright colors as a warning to predators, while sloths have adapted to a slow-paced lifestyle to conserve energy in the dense forests. The Neotropical realm’s isolation from other continents has also played a role in shaping its fauna, resulting in numerous endemic species found nowhere else on Earth.

2. Palearctic Realm

The Palearctic realm stretches across Europe, Asia (excluding the Indian subcontinent), and North Africa. It is characterized by a wide range of habitats, including tundra, taiga, grasslands, and deserts. This realm is home to iconic animals such as the brown bear, reindeer, and Siberian tiger.

The seasonal changes in this region have influenced the adaptations of its fauna. For example, many bird species migrate from their breeding grounds in the north to warmer areas in the south during winter. The Palearctic realm has also witnessed the domestication of animals like horses, sheep, and cattle, which have played a crucial role in human civilization.

3. Australian Realm

The Australian realm, also known as the Australasian realm, comprises Australia, New Guinea, and the surrounding islands. Due to its long isolation from other landmasses, this region has developed a unique array of animal species. Notable examples include kangaroos, koalas, platypuses, and a diverse range of marsupials.

The arid and semi-arid landscapes of Australia have shaped the adaptations of its fauna. Many animals have evolved to withstand extreme heat and scarce water resources. For instance, the kangaroo’s ability to hop efficiently allows it to conserve energy in search of food and water. The Australian realm is also known for its high number of venomous snakes and spiders, which have adapted to survive in this harsh environment.

4. Afrotropical Realm

The Afrotropical realm covers sub-Saharan Africa, including Madagascar. It is home to iconic wildlife such as elephants, lions, giraffes, and zebras. This realm is characterized by a diverse range of habitats, including savannas, rainforests, and deserts.

The evolution of large mammals in the Afrotropical realm can be attributed to factors such as abundant food resources and the absence of major geographical barriers. The savannas provide an ideal environment for grazers like antelopes, while predators such as lions have adapted to hunt in these open grasslands. The Afrotropical realm is also known for its rich birdlife, with numerous species found only in this region.


Faunistic realms are fascinating examples of how geography and environmental conditions shape the evolution of animal life. From the Neotropical realm’s lush rainforests to the Palearctic realm’s diverse habitats, each region has its own unique fauna. The isolation of these realms has led to the development of endemic species and distinct adaptations. Exploring these examples of faunistic realms not only deepens our understanding of biodiversity but also highlights the importance of conservation efforts to protect these remarkable ecosystems and the animals that call them home.

Ambika Taylor

Myself Ambika Taylor. I am admin of https://clueofsports.com/. For any business query, you can contact me at clueofsportsofficial@gmail.com.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.